Bank of Canada Announces the First Rate Cut in Four Years

Bank of Canada Announces the First Rate Cut in Four Years

Rafaela Santos
2 min read

Bank of Canada Announces the First Rate Cut in Four Years

The Bank of Canada has made a significant move by lowering its key policy rate by 25 basis points to 4.75%, marking the first rate reduction in four years. This decision comes as inflation shows signs of slowing, prompting Governor Tiff Macklem to suggest that further rate cuts may be on the horizon if inflation continues to decline. Economists are also anticipating another cut in July. However, financial markets remain cautious, with a 35% chance of a deeper cut being priced in for next month. The decision follows similar measures taken by Sweden's Riksbank and the Swiss National Bank, aimed at alleviating economic burdens and stimulating growth in the face of decreasing price pressures. Despite this, inflation in Canada has dropped to a three-year low of 2.7%, still above the Bank's 2% target, but consistently below 3% for the past four months.

Key Takeaways

  • Bank of Canada reduces the key policy rate by 25 basis points to 4.75%, the first cut in four years.
  • Possibility of more rate cuts if inflation continues to ease, with a 35% chance of a 4.50% rate next month.
  • Canadian dollar weakened by 0.4% to 1.3733 against the U.S. dollar post-announcement.
  • Inflation in Canada hits a three-year low of 2.7%, slightly above the Bank's 2% target.
  • Governor Tiff Macklem hints at potential further rate cuts if inflation trends towards the 2% target.


The rate cut announced by the Bank of Canada signifies a shift towards accommodative monetary policy, with the aim of moderating inflation and potentially boosting domestic economic activity and consumer spending. This decision, influenced by declining inflation and global central bank trends, may weaken the Canadian dollar, impacting import costs and international trade. There are expectations of further easing in the short term, which could affect investor sentiment and currency markets. However, sustained rate cuts in the long term could stimulate growth while potentially risking inflationary pressures if not carefully managed. Borrowers may benefit from the rate cuts, while savers and pension funds may experience reduced returns.

Did You Know?

  • Basis Point (BPS): A unit of measure used in finance to describe the percentage change in the value or rate of financial instruments. One basis point is equal to 1/100th of 1%, or 0.01%. In the context of the Bank of Canada's rate cut, a 25 basis point cut means the rate has been reduced by 0.25%.
  • Key Policy Rate: Also known as the policy interest rate, this is the rate at which commercial banks borrow and lend reserve balances to each other on an overnight basis. Changes in the key policy rate can affect interest rates throughout the economy, influencing borrowing costs for businesses and consumers, and thus impacting economic growth and inflation.
  • Inflation Targeting: A monetary policy strategy where a central bank aims to keep inflation within a specific range or at a specific target level. The Bank of Canada's target is 2%. This strategy helps maintain price stability and provides a clear guide for monetary policy decisions. If inflation is above the target, the central bank may raise interest rates to cool the economy and reduce inflation; if it's below the target, as in this case, the bank may lower rates to stimulate the economy and bring inflation back up to the target level.

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