China to Issue $5.5B 30-Year Bonds for Economic Boost

China to Issue $5.5B 30-Year Bonds for Economic Boost

Xiao Wei Ming
2 min read

China to Issue $5.5 Billion 30-Year Sovereign Bonds to Boost Economy

China is set to issue 30-year sovereign bonds worth $5.5 billion this Friday, marking the first of several sales aimed at raising $138 billion overall. This decision comes as China looks to boost its faltering economy, which has been struggling with deflation and stagnant growth since the pandemic. This is the first time since 2020 and only the fourth time in the past 26 years that China's government has raised debt through long-dated bond sales. The world's second-largest economy is also grappling with an ongoing property market crisis, which has led to the collapse of major developers. Despite these challenges, Chinese Premier Li Qiang has set a growth target of 5% for the year, which is higher than many forecasts.

Key Takeaways

  • China to sell 30-year sovereign bonds worth $5.5 billion on May 17, 2024
  • Plan to raise 1 trillion yuan ($138 billion) through bond sales
  • Fourth time in 26 years China's government has raised debt through long-dated bonds
  • Move aims to boost faltering economy, facing deflation and stagnant growth
  • Bond sale announcement follows ongoing property-market crisis and developer collapses.


China's $5.5 billion sovereign bond sale signals efforts to stimulate its slowing economy, grappling with deflation and stagnant growth since the pandemic. This is the first long-term bond sale since 2020 and the fourth in 26 years, revealing urgency in addressing economic challenges. The sale aims to raise $138 billion, which could impact global financial markets and central banks holding Chinese bonds.

The bond sale's timing, amidst a property market crisis and developer collapses, suggests a link between the real estate sector's woes and government debt strategy. The 5% growth target set by Chinese Premier Li Qiang is ambitious, given the current economic climate. Consequences may include increased government debt, potential market volatility, and shifts in investor confidence. In the long term, China's success in stimulating growth and stabilizing its economy will influence its global economic standing and investor perceptions.

Did You Know?

  • Sovereign bonds: These are debt securities issued by a national government in its own currency. They are considered low-risk investments because the government can print more money to pay off its debts. China's sale of 30-year sovereign bonds is a way for the government to raise funds for economic stimulus.
  • 1 trillion yuan ($138 billion) bond sales: This is the total amount that China aims to raise from a series of long-term bond sales, including the 30-year bonds worth $5.5 billion. This amount is significant as it represents a major source of funding for the Chinese government's economic initiatives.
  • Faltering economy, deflation, and stagnant growth: China's economy has been struggling since the pandemic, with deflation and stagnant growth being major concerns. Deflation is a sustained decrease in the general price level of goods and services, which can lead to a decrease in economic activity. Stagnant growth refers to a slow or no increase in economic output, which can lead to unemployment and other economic problems. China's bond sales aim to address these challenges by providing funds for economic stimulus.

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