China Banking Regulatory Expansion

China Banking Regulatory Expansion

Ling Weiyan
2 min read

China Banking Regulatory Commission Expands Asset Acquisition for AMCs

Starting mid-April, the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission broadened the range of financial assets that the four major Asset Management Companies (AMCs) can acquire. Previously limited to three types of non-performing assets, AMCs can now acquire all five categories of assets from large banks and share-holding banks. This move comes from the "Guidance on Focusing on Main Business and Actively Participating in the Reform of Small and Medium Financial Institutions" (Circular 474), allowing AMCs to play an even more vital role in the financial market.

Key Takeaways

  • AMCs now have the opportunity to expand their acquisition of financial assets from large banks and share-holding banks, widening the range of assets they can purchase.
  • The policy shift not only includes city commercial banks but also large banks and share-holding banks, as outlined in notice (474号文) from the National Financial Regulatory Administration.
  • This expansion allows AMCs to acquire a wider range of assets from a broader group of financial institutions, enhancing their influence in the financial market.


The expansion of asset acquisition improves China's AMCs' standing in the financial market, giving them greater flexibility in managing non-performing loans. This move may enhance the stability of large banks and share-holding banks by reducing their burden of bad debts. However, it could also lead to increased moral hazard, as banks might take on more risks knowing that AMCs will absorb bad loans.

Short-term implications may include increased demand for distressed assets, potentially driving up their prices. In the long run, successful restructuring and disposal of these assets could contribute to a healthier financial system. Conversely, if AMCs struggle to manage the increased volume of non-performing loans, it might exacerbate financial risks and undermine stability.

This policy change could indirectly affect countries, organizations, and financial institutions with substantial exposure to the Chinese financial system, including foreign investors and global financial regulators. Close monitoring of the performance of AMCs and their impact on China's financial sector is critical for assessing potential consequences.

Did You Know?

  • Asset Management Companies (AMCs): In China, AMCs are state-owned companies responsible for managing and disposing of non-performing assets (NPAs) in the banking sector. The "big four" AMCs are China Cinda, China Great Wall, China Huarong, and China Orient. With the new policy, they can now acquire a broader range of financial assets from large banks and share-holding banks.
  • Financial Assets Categories: The expansion now allows AMCs to take on a more substantial role in the financial market by managing and disposing of various types of distressed financial assets.
  • Large Banks and Share-holding Banks: This change significantly broadens the range of assets available for acquisition, enabling AMCs to have a more substantial impact on the financial market.

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