China Issues 1 Trillion Yuan Sovereign Bonds for Economic Stimulus

China Issues 1 Trillion Yuan Sovereign Bonds for Economic Stimulus

Chen Weiwei
2 min read

China’s Finance Ministry Issues 1 Trillion Yuan in Special Sovereign Bonds to Boost Economic Growth

China's Finance Ministry recently announced a plan to issue 1 trillion yuan in special sovereign bonds, signaling significant demand and aiming to support a 5% annual growth target amidst a downturn in the property market. This move is part of broader economic stimulus efforts, which also include maintaining the policy loan rate at 2.5% and proposing a $138 billion fiscal stimulus. The government is also considering measures to address the real estate crisis, such as having local governments purchase unsold homes.

Key Takeaways

  • China's Finance Ministry to issue 1 trillion yuan in special sovereign bonds, signaling strong market demand
  • Bond issuance supports 5% annual growth target amidst property downturn and weak business confidence
  • PBOC maintains policy loan rate at 2.5%, with $138 billion fiscal stimulus and TLAC bonds from ICBC and BOC
  • Proposal to have local governments purchase unsold homes to tackle real estate crisis, may convert them into affordable housing
  • High demand expected for special sovereign bonds from domestic institutions, despite increased debt supply


The issuance of 1 trillion yuan in special sovereign bonds by China addresses the weaknesses in the property market and supports the 5% growth target. Alongside the 2.5% policy loan rate and the $138 billion fiscal stimulus, this move indicates strong demand for bonds, likely benefiting domestic institutions. However, local governments purchasing unsold homes could alleviate the real estate crisis and potentially strain finances. Consequences may include potential inflation, debt sustainability concerns, and international repercussions on investor confidence and global economic growth. The success of these measures depends on effective implementation and management of potential risks.

Did You Know?

  • Special Sovereign Bonds: These are debt instruments issued by the national government, in this case, China's Finance Ministry. The purpose of these bonds is to raise capital for specific projects or initiatives, in this instance, to support a 5% annual growth target amidst a property market slump.
  • TLAC (Total Loss-Absorbing Capacity) Bonds: These are a type of bond designed to absorb losses in the event of a bank failure, enhancing the bank's resilience and financial stability. ICBC and BOC (Industrial and Commercial Bank of China and Bank of China) are considering issuing TLAC bonds to bolster their financial strength amidst the property market downturn.
  • Local Governments Purchasing Unsold Homes: This proposal suggests that local governments will buy unsold properties to tackle the real estate crisis, possibly converting them into affordable housing to address housing affordability concerns. However, this strategy might put financial strain on local governments and banks as they would need to secure sufficient funding for these purchases.

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