Compass Reports Q1 Loss, Anticipates Positive Cash Flow

Compass Reports Q1 Loss, Anticipates Positive Cash Flow

Hiroko Tanaka
2 min read

Compass, a prominent real estate brokerage, revealed a net loss of $132.9 million in the first quarter of 2024. This amount is a decrease from the previous year but an increase from the fourth quarter of 2023. Notably, this net loss encompasses the initial repercussions of a $57.5 million settlement stemming from class action lawsuits accusing the company of orchestrating a rise in agents' fees. Despite these challenges, CEO Robert Reffkin remains optimistic about the company's ability to generate positive cash flow for the remainder of the year. It's worth mentioning that Compass witnessed its lowest sales volume since 1995 in 2023. However, the company experienced a 10% year-over-year revenue increase and a significant 70% improvement in adjusted EBITDA compared to the first quarter of 2023. Additionally, the firm has conducted training sessions for agents to adapt to changes in how buyer commissions are disbursed, addressing concerns raised by potential investors. Reffkin has emphasized that there hasn't been a substantial decrease in offers to pay buyer's agent commissions, alleviating fears spotlighted by the media. As of the first quarter of 2024, Compass maintained a cash reserve of $165.9 million.

Key Takeaways

  • Compass reported a net loss of $132.9 million in Q1 2024, down from last year but up from Q4 2023.
  • The loss includes the first traces of a $57.5 million settlement for class action lawsuits.
  • Compass anticipates remaining cash flow positive for the rest of 2024 despite the settlement.
  • 99% of MLS listings since the settlement proposal in March include offers to pay buyer's agent commissions.
  • Revenue increased by 10% year-over-year, with adjusted EBITDA improving by 70%.


Compass' Q1 2024 net loss of $132.9 million, coupled with the $57.5 million settlement, has implications for the company's financial well-being and investor confidence. The class action lawsuits may serve as a catalyst for similar litigations against other real estate brokerages, potentially reshaping the fee dynamics within the industry. Despite the setback, the growth in revenue and EBITDA alludes to a potential avenue for recovery. The company's proactive approach of training agents to adapt to commission alterations indicates its recognition of shifts in the market landscape. Moreover, the assurance of maintaining positive cash flow for the year suggests that Compass is proactively addressing its financial hurdles. However, the significant decrease in sales volume since 1995 alongside the substantial settlement may impact the company's market positioning and stock value, creating opportunities for competitors to bolster their market share.

Did You Know?

  • Adjusted EBITDA: An improved measurement of a company's core profitability excluding certain one-time or extraordinary items.
  • Class action lawsuits: A legal action involving a collective lawsuit against a defendant for similar injuries or damages.
  • MLS listings: A database of available properties for sale, widely utilized by real estate professionals.

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