Egyptian Inflation Drops: Lowest Rate in 18 Months

Egyptian Inflation Drops: Lowest Rate in 18 Months

Anwar Khoury
2 min read

Egyptian Inflation Slows to 28.1% in May, Signaling Economic Stability Amidst Challenges

The latest data reveals that Egyptian inflation has decreased to 28.1% in May from 32.5% in April, a surprising turn given recent currency devaluation and subsidized bread cost hikes. The drop is mainly attributed to a 3% monthly decrease in food and beverage prices, which play a significant role in the inflation basket. Analysts anticipate continued moderation in consumer costs throughout 2024, despite looming impacts from higher bread costs and potential power tariff hikes.

Key Takeaways

  • Egyptian inflation rate decreased to 28.1% in May, down from 32.5% in April.
  • Monthly drop of 3% in food and beverage prices contributed to the inflation deceleration.
  • Annual core inflation also saw a slowdown to 27.1% in May from 31.8% in April.
  • Implementation of a 300% increase in subsidized bread expenses could have far-reaching effects on millions of households.
  • IMF advocates maintaining stringent monetary policies, even amidst economic reforms, to manage inflation.


The unexpected decline in Egyptian inflation to 28.1% in May, despite currency devaluation and bread price hikes, can be mainly attributed to the significant drop in food and beverage costs. This rapid adjustment reflects the market's response to the depreciation of the Egyptian pound. Though this brings immediate relief to consumers, the impending impact of the 300% hike in subsidized bread costs may strain household budgets. Long-term projections of sustained cooling of inflation, as indicated by EFG Hermes, could potentially stabilize the economy, aligning with the IMF's recommendation for stringent monetary policies. However, the persistent high costs of essential goods may pose challenges to economic recovery and consumer spending power.

Did You Know?

  • Inflation Basket: This refers to a selection of goods and services representing a nation's overall consumption patterns, crucial in computing the Consumer Price Index (CPI). In Egypt, the significant influence of food and beverages in this basket determines the inflation rate.
  • Core Inflation: This concept excludes volatile elements like food and energy prices, prone to significant fluctuations unrelated to general price trends. It serves as a gauge for underlying inflationary trends, unaffected by temporary price changes.
  • EFG Hermes: An influential investment bank in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, renowned for its research and analysis in the financial sector. Their forecasts on inflation and economic conditions hold substantial sway over investors and policymakers.

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