France's Soft-Wheat Harvest Plummets, Global Supply at Risk

France's Soft-Wheat Harvest Plummets, Global Supply at Risk

Eloise Moreau
2 min read

France's Soft-Wheat Harvest Hit by Excessive Rainfall

France is expected to experience a 15.4% drop in its soft-wheat harvest, reaching 29.7 million tons, the lowest level since 2020. The excessive rainfall, particularly during the fourth wettest spring on record, has resulted in floods and landslides, significantly impacting the quality and quantity of the crop. Only 58% of the crop is in good or very good condition, down from 81% last year, marking a 14.2% decrease from the five-year average.

This production decline is projected to limit French wheat exports, impacting global supply, amidst similar challenges faced by other major wheat exporters like Russia. Additionally, global wheat stockpiles are forecasted to reach a nine-year low, raising concerns about potential supply shortages.

Moreover, France is grappling with political instability following legislative elections, leading to a fragmented parliament with no clear majority. Prime Minister Gabriel Attal has resigned, creating uncertainty about the formation of a new government, which could further affect French financial markets. This political uncertainty compounds the economic challenges arising from agricultural disruptions and broader global commodity market volatility due to extreme weather and geopolitical factors.

Key Takeaways

  • France's soft-wheat harvest projected to drop 15.4% to 29.7 million tons due to excessive rain.
  • Output decline could limit French wheat exports, impacting global supply.
  • Only 58% of France’s soft-wheat crop is rated in good or very good condition.
  • Global wheat stockpiles forecasted to hit a nine-year low.
  • Political instability in France adds to economic challenges.


The excessive rainfall in France, exacerbated by climate change, has severely affected soft-wheat yields, influencing global supply chains and commodity markets. Political instability further strains the French economy and agricultural exports. Short-term implications include reduced wheat exports and heightened global wheat prices, while long-term consequences may involve increased investments in agricultural technology and climate resilience, potentially reshaping global agricultural trade dynamics.

Did You Know?

  • Soft-Wheat Harvest Decline:
    • Explanation: The term "soft-wheat harvest" refers to the annual production of soft wheat, primarily used for making flour for bread and pastries. France's decline by 15.4% to 29.7 million tons is significant due to excessive rainfall, impacting quality and quantity.
  • Global Wheat Stockpiles:
    • Explanation: "Global wheat stockpiles" refer to accumulated reserves around the world. The forecasted nine-year low raises concerns for global wheat supply.
  • Political Instability and Economic Challenges:
    • Explanation: The recent resignation of Prime Minister Gabriel Attal and fragmented parliament pose significant economic implications.

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