German Industrial Output Declines for Second Consecutive Month

German Industrial Output Declines for Second Consecutive Month

Hannes Müller
2 min read

German Industrial Output Declines for Second Consecutive Month

German industrial output unexpectedly decreased by 0.1% in April for the second consecutive month, as per the latest data from Destatis. This decline follows a 0.4% drop in the previous month, deviating from analysts' forecasts of an upturn. Concurrently, factory orders in Germany also experienced a 0.2% decrease in April, indicating a sluggish start to the economy's second quarter. Despite these contractions, the German economy exhibited better-than-expected growth at the onset of 2024, as evidenced by indicators such as the S&P Global’s purchasing managers’ index, which recorded the swiftest private-sector growth in a year. The Bundesbank anticipates a minor economic upswing in the second quarter, bolstered by reduced interest rates subsequent to the European Central Bank's recent cuts.

Key Takeaways

  • German industrial output fell 0.1% in April, marking a second consecutive month of decline.
  • Factory orders in Germany dropped by 0.2% in April, contrary to analyst expectations.
  • Despite recent declines, Germany's economy expanded more than expected at the start of 2024.
  • Private-sector activity in Germany reached its fastest pace in a year in May, per S&P Global’s PMI.
  • The European Central Bank cut borrowing costs, hinting at further reductions without a specific timeline.


The consecutive decline in German industrial output in April, coupled with the decrease in factory orders, implies a temporary slowdown in the manufacturing sector. This could be attributed to global economic uncertainties and internal market adjustments. However, the strong private-sector growth indicated by S&P Global’s PMI and the European Central Bank's interest rate reductions suggest potential recovery. Long-term prospects indicate potential economic stabilization, stemming from decreased borrowing costs and augmented investment. Nonetheless, ongoing vigilance concerning global economic conditions is indispensable for sustaining growth.

Did You Know?

  • Destatis: The Federal Statistical Office of Germany, responsible for collecting, processing, and disseminating official statistics in Germany, playing a substantial role in providing data on economic, social, and environmental facets of the country.
  • S&P Global’s purchasing managers’ index (PMI): A widely monitored economic health indicator derived from monthly surveys of private sector companies. A PMI surpassing 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the preceding month, while a reading below 50 represents contraction.
  • Bundesbank: The central bank of the Federal Republic of Germany, occupying a pivotal role in the European System of Central Banks, responsible for implementing monetary policy in Germany and upholding the stability of the financial system.

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