Global El Niño Phenomenon Showing Signs of Ending

Global El Niño Phenomenon Showing Signs of Ending

Santiago Ramirez
2 min read

Shift in Global Climate Patterns: WMO Forecasts Transition from El Niño to La Niña

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has reported that the current powerful El Niño phenomenon, which commenced in May 2023 and reached its peak in December, is displaying indications of concluding. The WMO's projections indicate a 50% likelihood of neutral conditions or a shift to La Niña from June to August 2024, with the possibility of La Niña escalating to 60% in July-September and 70% in August-November. Despite these fluctuations, the persistent trend of global warming driven by human activities persists, signifying that even a return to La Niña will not impede this warming trajectory.

Key Takeaways

  • The WMO forecasts a potential transition from the El Niño to La Niña phenomenon, following the conclusion of one of the most potent El Niño events on record.
  • The global climate may experience neutral conditions or transition towards La Niña between June and August 2024, with equal probabilities of 50% for each scenario.
  • The likelihood of La Niña occurrences increases to 60% from July to September and further to 70% from August to November.
  • Despite the potential shift to La Niña, the ongoing trend of global warming due to human activities remains unchanged.


The projected transition from El Niño to La Niña could have repercussions on agricultural markets and insurance industries, especially in areas vulnerable to climate fluctuations. While this transition may not alter the global warming trajectory, it could bring about localized cooling and modified precipitation patterns, impacting crop yields and water resource management. Economically, this shift may lead to price instability in commodities like grains and heightened claims in weather-related insurance products. Over the long term, the persistent global warming emphasizes the necessity for sustainable agricultural practices and investments in climate-resilient infrastructure.

Did You Know?

  • El Niño and La Niña: These are climate phenomena in the Pacific Ocean that can influence global weather and climate. El Niño denotes the warming of Pacific waters, resulting in altered weather patterns, often leading to warmer and drier conditions in some areas and wetter conditions in others. La Niña, conversely, is characterized by cooler than average sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean, typically causing contrasting effects on weather patterns, such as cooler and wetter conditions in certain regions.

  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO): This organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations, is responsible for facilitating international cooperation in atmospheric science, climatology, hydrology, and geophysics. The WMO plays a vital role in providing dependable meteorological services and coordinating research and data collection on global weather patterns and climate change.

  • Global Warming: This term denotes the long-term elevation of Earth's average surface temperature due to human activities, primarily the combustion of fossil fuels, which release greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. These gases trap heat from the sun, leading to an increase in global temperatures. Although natural climate patterns like El Niño and La Niña can cause short-term temperature fluctuations, they do not alter the overarching trend of global warming driven by human activities.

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