Global Harvest Disruptions Drive Corn, Soybean, and Wheat Prices Up

Global Harvest Disruptions Drive Corn, Soybean, and Wheat Prices Up

Renata Santos
2 min read

Rising Corn, Soybean, and Wheat Prices Impacted by Crop Disruptions

The prices of corn, soybeans, and wheat have surged as major exporters Brazil and Argentina face harvest disruptions. Flooding in Brazil's Rio Grande do Sul, a significant soybean and corn producer, has led to price support. Additionally, corn stunt disease and adverse weather in Argentina have caused a reduction in the corn harvest estimate, further impacting prices. Furthermore, concerns about dry weather in Russia, the world's leading wheat supplier, have also contributed to the surge in wheat prices. Analysts anticipate that these conditions will continue to drive prices up in the upcoming weeks.

Key Takeaways

  • US corn and soybean futures have attained multi-month highs due to the disrupted harvests in Brazil and crop disease in Argentina.
  • Wheat futures have reached a one-week peak due to concerns about dry weather in Russia, the world's largest wheat supplier.
  • CBOT July corn and soybean sales have increased as prices have exceeded $4.60 and $12.15, respectively.
  • The flooding in Brazil's Rio Grande do Sul and the corn stunt disease in Argentina have significantly impacted harvest estimates.
  • Labor issues, a potential re-evaluation of the US dollar, and demand have contributed to the surge in wheat prices.


The rise in corn, soybean, and wheat prices, attributed to the disrupted harvests in Brazil and Argentina and dry weather in Russia, will have far-reaching effects on various stakeholders. Consumers globally might face increased food prices, impacting disposable income and potentially triggering inflation. Agricultural firms and farmers in unaffected regions might benefit from higher commodity prices but could also struggle with increased input costs. It is crucial for governments and international organizations to monitor food security, particularly in import-dependent nations. Looking ahead, climate change may exacerbate extreme weather events, intensifying price volatility and presenting long-term challenges for agricultural supply chains. Investors should consider diversifying their portfolios to address these agricultural risks.

Did You Know?

  • CBOT (Chicago Board of Trade): The Chicago Board of Trade, the world's oldest futures and options exchange, is a subsidiary of the CME Group. CBOT is where numerous agricultural commodities, including corn and soybeans, are traded via futures contracts. These contracts enable buyers and sellers to lock in prices for a future delivery date, mitigating price volatility.
  • Corn Stunt Disease: This bacterial disease affects corn plants, causing stunted growth and reduced yields. It is transmitted by insects such as the corn leaf aphid and significantly impacts corn production in affected areas. In Argentina, corn stunt disease has contributed to the reduced corn harvest estimate, resulting in increased corn prices.
  • Russian Wheat Exports: as the world's largest wheat supplier, Russia's wheat exports are substantial. Concerns over dry weather in the country have driven up wheat prices, and any disruptions to the country's wheat harvest or exports can have a significant global impact. In 2021, Russia's wheat exports accounted for about 18% of the global total.

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