Oklahoma Legalizes Bitcoin Mining

Oklahoma Legalizes Bitcoin Mining

Alice Kohlmann
2 min read

Oklahoma Becomes First US State to Legalize Self-Custody of Bitcoin

On May 13, 2024, Oklahoma Governor J. Kevin Stitt approved HB3594, making Oklahoma the pioneer state in the U.S. to legally safeguard the rights of its citizens to mine and self-custody Bitcoin. This groundbreaking law not only permits crypto payments but also prohibits industry taxes and fees, while authorizing specific digital asset mining operations, provided they adhere to local regulations. The Oklahoma Bitcoin Association has praised this step, envisioning it as a catalyst for crypto companies to establish a presence in the state and foster sustainable energy initiatives. Oklahoma now joins the ranks of 12 states in the U.S. that have implemented measures to protect Bitcoin amidst growing regulatory pressures.

Key Takeaways

  • Oklahoma's enactment of HB3594 legalizes self-custody of Bitcoin, promoting an inclusive financial environment.
  • The new law fosters crypto mining, payments, and wallet usage, with no industry taxes or fees.
  • Mining operations will be permitted upon compliance with local regulations, encouraging sustainable energy projects.
  • Oklahoma emerges as the first U.S. state to protect the rights for Bitcoin mining and self-custody.
  • The new legislation supports crypto companies operating in Oklahoma, leading to tech investments in rural areas.


The legalization of self-custody Bitcoin in Oklahoma through HB3594 fortifies an inclusive financial ecosystem and encourages crypto mining, payments, and wallet usage without imposing industry taxes or fees. This move promotes sustainable energy initiatives and attracts tech investments in rural areas, positioning Oklahoma as a crypto-friendly state. Moreover, it aligns with the trend of 11 other U.S. states enacting measures to safeguard Bitcoin amidst escalating regulatory pressures. Potential ramifications include other states following suit, bolstering crypto adoption, and stimulating tech-driven economic growth in Oklahoma. However, potential risks such as fluctuating crypto markets and environmental concerns linked to mining need to be addressed.

Did You Know?

  • Self-Custody of Bitcoin: This practice involves managing one's own Bitcoin private keys independently, without reliance on third-party services like cryptocurrency exchanges. Self-custody grants users full control over their digital assets and enhances security. With the new HB3594 law, Oklahoma citizens can legally engage in self-custody, fostering an inclusive financial environment and promoting individual autonomy.
  • Authorization of Crypto Mining Businesses: HB3594 authorizes specific digital asset mining businesses in Oklahoma, subject to compliance with local requirements. Crypto mining entails validating and recording transactions on a blockchain in exchange for cryptocurrency rewards. Authorizing these businesses can generate employment opportunities and attract tech investments to rural areas, contributing to economic growth and technological progress.
  • Sustainable Energy Projects: The new law encourages crypto mining businesses to conform to local regulations, potentially promoting the use of sustainable and environmentally-friendly energy sources. By advocating for sustainable energy projects, Oklahoma aims to harmonize crypto mining growth with environmental responsibility, setting a positive precedent for other states to emulate.

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