China's Central Bank Introduces New Tool to Manage Market Liquidity

China's Central Bank Introduces New Tool to Manage Market Liquidity

Ai-Ling Chen
2 min read

China's Central Bank Introduces New Tool to Manage Market Liquidity

On July 8, 2024, the People's Bank of China announced the use of overnight repurchase instruments for the first time. This tool aims to maintain sufficient liquidity in the banking system. This announcement follows another recent introduction of new tools for market operations within the past 10 days. After the announcement, the market reacted quickly, causing long-term yields to rise by about 5 basis points (BP).

Key Details:

  • New Tool: Overnight repurchase instruments
  • Purpose: To improve the precision of market operations
  • Operation Times: Weekdays from 4:00 PM to 4:20 PM
  • Rates: 1.6% for reverse repurchase, 2.3% for regular repurchase
  • Market Reaction: Early-session increase of 5 BP in long-term yields

The central bank's operations will involve temporary reverse repurchase actions, conducted using a fixed-rate and quantity tender method. If an operation is conducted, a "Public Market Business Trading Notice" will be issued afterward.

Key Takeaways

  • The central bank aims to improve the accuracy of its market operations.
  • Overnight repurchase rates are set at 1.6% and 2.3%.
  • Operations will take place on weekdays in the late afternoon.
  • The market responded with a notable rise in long-term yields.
  • This is the second new tool announcement in less than 10 days.


The People's Bank of China’s use of overnight repurchase instruments is designed to better manage liquidity and enhance market precision. This move boosts market confidence in the short term and indicates an effective approach to improving liquidity. In the long term, it helps stabilize financial markets and strengthens the central bank’s regulatory power. Key stakeholders affected include commercial banks, investors, and the broader financial system, who will need to adjust their strategies accordingly.

Did You Know?

  • Overnight Repurchase Instruments: These are short-term tools where financial institutions sell securities and agree to repurchase them the next day to manage liquidity and ensure market stability.
  • Open Market Operations: Central banks buy and sell government bonds and other financial tools to control market liquidity and interest rates, influencing the banking system's reserves.
  • Reverse and Regular Repurchase Operations: In a reverse repurchase agreement, financial institutions sell securities and agree to repurchase them later, injecting liquidity. In a regular repurchase agreement, the buyer purchases securities and agrees to sell them back later, absorbing liquidity.

This simplified approach helps ensure that non-Chinese readers can understand the central bank’s new measures and their implications for the market.

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